Title IX

By: Erin Tate
By: Erin Tate

This year is the 30th anniversary of Title IX. The law was meant to stop sexual discrimination in education and athletics. But, have things really changed over the last three decades.

Since 1972, women have been working their way toward equality.
Title IX requires all schools, which receive federal funding, to grant male and female students an equal education.

But, it's best known for creating more opportunities for females to play sports.
Delmer Botkin, the principal at Turner Ashby High School, says it just exploded because of Title IX.

He found girls were as interested in playing athletics as boys were and it's been a good thing for them. Botkin has been involved with high school sports since 1964.

He serves as chairman of the Executive Virginia High School League Committee. Botkin says a lot has changed in the past three decades.

He believes the biggest changes started to occur in the mid-70’s. He says there was resistance and there are still issues. Botkin, may be talking about the collegiate level.

In college sports, women receive $133 million per year less in athletic scholarships. And, some estimates show 80 percent of colleges and universities are not in compliance with Title Nine. But, these local high school girls say they have received every opportunity possible.

Adrian Zwanzig, a Turner Ashby Senior, thinks women have definitely had an equal share by now. She says at her high school, it's very even. Zwanzig thinks they even have more girl’s teams than guys.

Before Title Nine, only one out of every 27 high school girls played varsity sports. That was fewer than 300,000.

Today, nearly one in three girls play high school sports and participation is up almost three million. And, women participating in college sports has nearly quadrupled.

Research has shown students' interest in sports grows with more opportunity to play. Botkin says if one school in the district gets a particular sport, you'll see there's pressure on other schools to bring that activity in.

But, there are misconceptions about the law. Title IX does not set quotas and it's not just about sports. It's meant to accommodate students' interests in any extracurricular activity.

It was passed with girls like those at Turner Ashby.


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