No Child Left Behind?

By: Amy Gleason
By: Amy Gleason

Harrisonburg elementary schools are accented with learning cottages already. "We're at capacity, even more than capacity," said Dr. Mike Loso of Harrisonburg City Schools. "Especially in the Shenandoah Valley, there's just not a lot of room to move students into other buildings."

Under the plan, if a school does not meet new federal standards, you can move your child to one that does. And how will your child get to the other school? That's the responsibility of the school district.

"We'll meet the challenge, I know we will," added Loso. "We have met every other challenge put before us."

The federal standards will measure students as a whole. It will also set standards for specific groups including ESL students.

"Will ESL students challenge us?" asked Loso. "They do now. They will continue since there is a measure by subgroup. That is a group that we will continue to pay attention to."

The other groups will include minority, poverty stricken, and special education students. And meeting all the standards will come at a higher cost. Some federal funds will be available, but Loso says it's never enough.

"We have so many needs in our division and it's very hard for us to meet them," said Loso. "We do that, but the dollar is pretty tight."

The state will have the federal guidelines in place January 2003. For more information, visit Extended Web Coverage

No Child Left Behind

On Jan. 8, 2002, President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. This new law represents his education reform plan, and made many changes to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that was enacted in 1965.

The act contains the President's four basic education reform principles: stronger accountability for results, increased flexibility and local control, expanded options for parents, and an emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work.


Here is a description of the four basic education reform principles in No Child Left Behind:

Stronger Accountability for Results

States are responsible for having strong academic standards for what every child should know and learn in reading, math, and science for elementary, middle and high schools.

Beginning in the 2002-03 school year, schools must administer tests in each of three grade spans: grades 3-5, grades 6-9, and grades 10-12 in all schools. Beginning in the 2005-06 school year, tests must be administered every year in grades 3 through 8. Beginning in the 2007-08 school year, science achievement must also be tested.

  • Results of these tests will show up in annual state and district report cards, so parents can measure their school's performance and their state's progress.

  • Schools will be responsible for improving the academic performance of all students, and there will be real consequences for districts and schools that fail to make progress.

  • Within 12 years, all students must perform at a proficient level under their state standards. But, states will set their own standards for each grade--so each state will say how well children should be reading at the end of third grade, for example.

Record Flexibility for States and Communities

The new law gives all 50 states and every local school district in America greater say in using the federal education dollars they receive every year.

  • States will have more freedom to direct more of their federal education money. That means local people will have more say about which programs they think will help their students the most.

  • No Child Left Behind combines and simplifies programs, so that schools don't have to cut through as much red tape to get and use federal funding.

Concentrating Resources on Proven Education Methods

No Child Left Behind will target education dollars to research-based programs that have been proven to help most children learn.

  • In 2002, $900 million will be distributed to states for the President's Reading First plan.

  • Federal dollars will be tied to programs that use scientifically proven ways of teaching children to read.

  • Communities will benefit from a federally funded program called Early Reading First. This program will help develop language and reading skills for pre-school children, especially those from low-income families.

  • Schools and teachers will get a boost from the more than $4 billion in 2002 that allows schools to promote teacher quality through training and recruitment.

More Choices for Parents

No Child Left Behind offers many new ways to help students, schools, and teachers. It also gives parents options for helping their children if they are enrolled in schools chronically identified as in need of improvement. In fact these new parental choices will be available starting in the 2002-03 school year for students already enrolled in schools that have been identified as in need of improvement under current law.

  • Parents with a child enrolled in a school identified as in need of improvement will be able to transfer their child to a better performing public school or public charter school.

  • For the first time, parents with children in a school identified as in need of improvement will be able to use federal education funds for what are called "supplemental education services." Those services include tutoring, after school services, and summer school programs.

  • In 2002 approximately $200 million in federal funds could be available to state and local communities to help establish and fund charter schools. Parents interested in charter schools should check for information in their local school district or their state education agency. They can also check out the Department of Education website for further information.

Source: (No Child Left Behind Web Site) contributed to this report

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