CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) — UPDATE (3:44 p.m.):
At a press conference Tuesday afternoon, Governor Jim Justice signed House Bill 4145 that will give teachers, service personnel and state police a five percent raise.
The governor also announced that he will be sending a letter to the State Superintendent concerning the 180-day school requirement following the teacher strike.
Lawmakers and union representatives joined Governor Jim Justice on the stage of the West Virginia State Theater for the press conference.
In the theater, the governor spoke about the five percent pay raise bill, which passed the House and Senate Tuesday morning after a conference committee meeting between lawmakers.
"Today is a new day for education in West Virginia. No more looking back!" Justice proclaimed, surrounded by jubilant education leaders. "We really have to move away from the idea that education is just some necessary evil that has to be funded ... toward ... looking at our children and our teachers and education as an investment ... That's all there is to it."
The bill will give five percent pay raises to teachers, service personnel and state police starting July 1, 2018. The agreement between lawmakers and the governor includes a five percent pay raise for all state employees but that will be included in the budget bill.
A huge crowd of teachers packing the Capitol jumped up and down, chanted "We love our kids!" and singing John Denver's "Take Me Home, Country Roads." Some even wept for joy.
West Virginia's teachers have been among the lowest paid in the nation and haven't had a salary increase in four years. Teachers had been on strike since Feb. 22.
During Governor Justice's speech Tuesday, he compared himself to a coach (which he was for years), saying he really believes in education and that a good coach is always able to make adjustments.
He says a student from Ohio County, Gideon, made him realize that as a state, we have to move away from the idea that education is some necessary evil that has to be funded. Justice says he wants to move toward looking at our children and teachers as an investment.
The letter that Gov. Justice is sending to the State Superintendent will ask him to work with county superintendents to create flexibility with respect to satisfying the calendar day requirements.
"Families should and will have time for our summer vacations," said Governor Jim Justice.
Governor Justice says all PEIA Task Force appointments will be in place by Thursday. The first meeting is scheduled for March 13.
Another concern by parents has been the missed deadline for the PROMISE Scholarship. The deadline passed on March 1 during the teacher strike. Governor Justice says he will be extending the scholarship deadline until March 30.
West Virginia lawmakers acted swiftly Tuesday after Gov. Jim Justice and Republican leaders tentatively agreed to end the state's nine-day teachers' walkout by giving 5 percent raises not just to teachers, but to all state workers.
"I believe in you and I love our kids," Justice told teachers after the agreement was announced. He planned a news conference later Tuesday.
We have reached a deal. I stood rock solid on the 5% Teacher pay raise and delivered. Not only this, but my staff and I made additional cuts which will give all State employees 5% as well. All the focus should have always been on fairness and getting the kids back in school.— Governor Jim Justice (@WVGovernor) March 6, 2018
With striking teachers cheering from the gallery, the House of Delegates subsequently passed the pay raise for teachers, school service personnel and state troopers on a 99-0 vote. It now awaits action in the state Senate.
The governor, union leaders and the House had agreed to the raise for those groups last week. State teachers are among the lowest paid in the nation and haven't had a salary increase in four years.
But the Senate refused to go along, approving a 4 percent increase Saturday. The six-member conference committee then agreed to the 5 percent figure Tuesday, and for more than just teachers.
Senate Finance Chairman Craig Blair said to pay for the raises, lawmakers will seek to cut state spending by $20 million, taking funds from general government services and Medicaid. Other state workers who also would get 5 percent raises under the deal will have to wait for a budget bill to pass.
"We've been down this road before," West Virginia Education Association President Dale Lee said. "The winners in this are the students of West Virginia and the educators across West Virginia who finally see a true investment in education."
The union's spokeswoman, Kym Randolph, said that if lawmakers quickly pass the legislation as they said Tuesday they intend to, teachers could be back at work Wednesday. "We just need to see it in writing," she said.
Senate leaders said they're on board this time. Senate Majority Leader Ryan Ferns, R-Ohio, said talks with the governor's office lasted into early Tuesday identifying cuts everyone could agree to.
"These are deep cuts," Blair said. "This has been the fiscally responsible thing to do, in my opinion, to get us to the point we're at today."
Justice said additional budget cuts by his staff will fund the raises. Blair said that if the governor's estimates of increased revenue estimates from Justice come to fruition, supplemental appropriations could take place.
"This is very positive," said Tina Workman, a second-grade teacher from Midland Trail Elementary in Kanawha County who has been at the Capitol each day with other striking teachers. "We are surprised, but we aren't putting all of our eggs from the chickens in one basket. We want it signed, sealed and delivered. Because seven days ago we were told the same thing, and we're still here."
A show of support by thousands of teachers and supporters on Monday didn't sway lawmakers in time to avoid a ninth day of cancelled classes for the school system's 277,000 students and 35,000 employees.
Ferns said late Monday after a House-Senate conference committee worked for a compromise that Senate Republicans were concerned more about how the raise is paid for than the exact amount.
Signed. Sealed. Delivered. @wvhouse and @wvsenate conferees concur on HB 4145, a 5% pay raise for State Police, Teachers and School Service Personnel in addition to a 5% raise for all other state employees through the FY19 budget! pic.twitter.com/IjYxCYsOzP— Delegate Paul Espinosa (@DelPaulEspinosa) March 6, 2018
Blair, R-Berkeley, and Ferns hade been skeptical about the legitimacy of revised, higher revenue figures Justice cited to support the higher pay raises. Blair suggested at one point that schools reopen while the Legislature tries to work on the bills, prompting groans from the audience.
The Capitol was briefly closed as well on Monday after 5,000 people entered the building, posing security concerns. It was reopened an hour later, and teachers vented their frustration over the lack of progress. Their strike, in one of the poorest states in the country, has disrupted lives across the state, forcing working parents to scramble for child care and putting children who rely on meals at school at risk of going hungry.
With 17.9 percent of West Virginians living below official poverty levels, teachers, bus drivers and other volunteers are collecting food for students who rely on free breakfasts and lunches. Teachers also are sharing stories of donating their time, money or food. At least two GoFundMe pages have been launched in support of the walkout.
"It does make you feel good because we are helping them," said Ann Osburn, a special education teacher at Buckhannon Academy. "I think we're reaching as many as we can."
Rachel Stringer, a stay-at-home mom from Cross Lanes, said her biggest challenge is making sure her children don't forget what they've learned this school year. Despite the long layoff, Stringer supports the teachers.
"They deserve to be paid," she said. "They deserve to be able to have insurance."
Many teachers said they'd rather be in the classroom, but believe they've come too far to back down.
"We feel like we're under attack constantly," said Cody Thompson, a social studies and civics teacher at Elkins High School. "Eventually, whenever you're pushed into a corner, you've got to push back."
The teacher walkout over pay and benefits began on Feb. 22 after the governor signed a 2 percent pay raise for next year. He reconsidered after an initial round of protests, and the House of Delegates later approved a 5 percent increase. The Senate's insistence on a 4 percent raise Saturday prompted the union to extend the strike.
Many teachers already have side jobs to make ends meet. Kristie Skidmore, an elementary school reading specialist, has a clothing shop at her home.
"You're looking at people here who every day care about other people, other families. People's kids," Skidmore said. "Now we're forced to be able to figure out how to care for our own families."