FRANKFORT, Ky. (AP, WHSV) — The U.S. Senate's top leader said Monday he wants to bring hemp production back into the national mainstream by removing it from the list of controlled substances.
Hemp growing at an undisclosed location in the Shenandoah Valley
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell told a group of hemp advocates in his home state of Kentucky that he will introduce legislation to legalize the crop as an agricultural commodity. The versatile crop has been grown on an experimental basis in a number of states in recent years.
That includes a 10-acre industrialized hemp field in the Shenandoah Valley which serves as a research opportunity for James Madison University — the largest industrialized hemp field in Virginia.
"It's now time to take the final step and make this a legal crop," McConnell said.
Kentucky has been at the forefront of hemp's comeback. Kentucky agriculture officials recently approved about 12,000 acres to be grown in the state this year, and 57 Kentucky processors are turning the raw product into a multitude of products.
Growing hemp without a federal permit has long been banned due to its classification as a controlled substance related to marijuana. Hemp and marijuana are the same species, but hemp has a negligible amount of THC, the psychoactive compound that gives marijuana users a high.
Industrial hemp can be used for thousands of products, like rope, oils, clothes, fibers similar to plastic, food and more. Historically, it was also one of the earliest grown crops in the Shenandoah Valley, serving as a cash crop for many farmers centuries ago, when hemp was necessary to create rigging for ships.
Virginia Tech is growing 18 different varieties of Hemp and has plans to research hemp-enforced concrete and using hemp fibers in car parts.
Hemp got a limited reprieve with the 2014 federal Farm Bill, which allows state agriculture departments to designate hemp projects for research and development. So far, more than 30 states have authorized hemp research.
Virginia did so in 2015.
McConnell acknowledged there was "some queasiness" about hemp when the 2014 Farm Bill cleared the way for states to regulate it for research and pilot programs. There's much broader understanding now that hemp is a "totally different" plant than its illicit cousin, he said.
"I think we've worked our way through the education process of making sure everybody understands this is really a different plant," the Republican said.
McConnell said he plans to have those discussions with Attorney General Jeff Sessions to emphasize the differences between the plants. The Trump administration has taken a tougher stance on marijuana.
Congressman Bob Goodlatte, who is stepping down as representative for Virginia's 6th district after 25 years in the same seat, has also endorsed removing industrial hemp from the definition of marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act.
In fact, Goodlatte co-sponsored H.R. 3530, which would have been the Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2017.
"We need to change the law and when we change the law, then I think this Valley and lots of other places in the country as well will become prime spots for growing hemp and getting it into the market in large quantities," said Goodlatte (R-6th District) at an event this past September.